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Female Voice in Spanish Literature

by Dilek - Wednesday, December 05, 2012

The contribution of Spanish and Latin American writers since last century is so grand that they influenced several literary trends in world history. During this period the female figure may somewhat stay behind the men; many women in literature gained a concrete position for the last few decades and inspired other female writers.  Here is a short list of women whose works have great effect on literature in Spanish language.

Alfonsina Storni (1892-1938) Swiss born Argentine poet and author was one of the pioneers of modernist literature. After several unfortunate events she committed suicide leaving behind a collection that is mostly about the suppression of women in society.
Gabriela Mistral (1889-1957) Chilean poet and activist. She is one of the Nobel Prize winners in Literature among other 12 female laureates of all Nobel history, also the first person to bring this award to Latin America.       
Josefina Plá (1903-1999) Born in Canary Islands and worked in all areas of art as well as working as a journalist.  She was a great influencer to her latter generation in Paraguay where she died.
María Luisa Bombal (1910-1980) Chilean novelist focused on the feminist perspective, her position in life along with the themes eroticism and surrealism.
Gloria Fuertes (1917-1998) Madrid born poet was one of the important literary figures in Spanish literature with her works for adolescences.
Carmen Laforet (1921-2004) Spanish novelist was the first winner of Premio Nadal in 1944 for her work “Nada”.
Ana Marìa Shua (1951) Well known Argentine writer has been productive in every genre of literature. She is called as “The Queen of Microstory” primarily in Spain and the rest of literary world.
Ana María Matute (1925) she is the third writer to win Cervantes Award besides Cuban writer Dulce María Loynaz and Spanish philosopher María Zambrano. She is one of the members of Royal Academy as well.
Rosario Castellanos (1925-1974) Mexican poet, novelist and diplomat who was among the Generation 50 writers stands out as an important figure of Mexican culture.
Carmen Martín Gaite (1925-2000) Salamanca born author won several awards including Prince of Asturias.
Rosario Ferre (1938) Puerto Rican writer and poet who wrote her early works in Spanish, then has switched to English.
Isabel Allende (1942) She was born in Peru yet originally is Chilean-American and has given successful examples of magic realist theme. She was awarded National Literature Prize in Chile and is a member of American Academy of Arts and Letters.
Laura Esquivel (1950) The writer of bestseller Like Water for Chocolate (Como agua para chocolate) and reflects the Mexican elements combining with magical realism.
Dulce Chacón (1954-2003) She was a Spanish activist and writer famous for her novel “La voz dormida” translated into Sleeping Voice showing the female sight towards the Civil War.
Almudena Grandes (1960) With her first novel The Ages of Lulu (Las edades de Lulu) won La Sonrisa Vertical prize in erotic narrative genre.
Lucía Etxebarría (1966) During her career from 1966 with her first novel autobiography of Kurt Cobain to 2010 has been a contemporary voice of Spanish women yet declared to quit writing owing to digital piracy on books two years ago.


Keywords: literature,Spanish language,novel,poet,Spain,Latin America

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